According to the available statistics, 101 kinds of minerals have been found, more than 2,000 mineral sites, 41 kinds of mineral resources to identify reserves, 107 mineral deposits.
There are 131 deposits, including copper and boron, which have the resource base for the construction of large and medium-sized mines. Iron ore, lead-zinc mine and magnesite have been shown to be large-scale development
In this 41 kinds of minerals, the energy mine has coal, peat, oil shale, geothermal, oil; ferrous metal mineral iron, chrome; non-ferrous metal minerals are copper, lead, zinc, cobalt, tungsten, tin, molybdenum,
Precious metal minerals are gold, silver, platinum, etc .; rare rare earth metal minerals are lithium, neodymium, cesium, rhenium; non-metallic mineral metallurgical auxiliary raw materials mineral magnesite, dolomite; chemical raw materials sulfur, arsenic, boron,
Salt, talc, marble, granite, kaolin, porcelain clay, quartz sand, volcanic ash, steel jade, crystal, and other non-metallic minerals are graphite, gypsum, talc, limestone, marble,
Mica and some gem varieties.
Among these minerals, chromite, copper, boron and geothermal resources are particularly rich in the country among the best.
Lead-zinc mine, antimony ore, iron ore, gypsum, corundum, crystal, magnesite, also occupies a very important position in the country.
The gold mine is the dominant mineral of Tibet, and its development has produced great economic and social benefits.
Sand gold and chrome ore, boron mine, copper mine, antimony ore, lead-zinc mine, geothermal resources become an important industry for the development of Tibet.
In the whole area, there are 205 mining enterprises in the whole region, employing more than 5,700 people, 21 kinds of mining minerals, the output value of 270 million yuan, accounting for 18% of the region’s total industrial output value of 1118.
Mineral exploration has achieved excellent results.
The Yulong Copper Mine has been discovered and evaluated, and the Yulong Copper Mine has been started. It has been found and evaluated the large-scale copper polymetallic deposit. It has been proved that the eastern part of Gangdise is expected to find more than 10 million t copper polymetallic ore,
And found as the focus of the prospecting area; survey and evaluation of China’s only large-scale chromite (Luo Bu Sha); found and proved the collapse of possession of Tibet, Ma You wood two large sand gold deposits and Dacha,
Small and medium-sized sand gold deposits; high temperature geothermal reserves ranks first in the country, geothermal display points have more than 6,000, predicting the well-known Yangbajing geothermal field thermal power generation potential of 150,000 kilowatts in the Yangbajing hot field north deep thermal reservoir exploration
A major breakthrough, access to 329.8 degrees of ultra-high temperature fluid.
(Large-scale), large-scale copper mine (large-scale), Lanuo lead-zinc mine (large-scale), and found a batch of deposits (points), provided for the development of Tibet’s mining
A large number of reserve base, but also to build Tibet into China’s future mineral resources to replace the area and strategic mineral resources reserve area has laid a solid foundation.
Tibet mainly iron, chrome ore, which chrome ore resources accounted for the first in the country, iron ore resources to iron-based, in the country also has a certain position.
(1) chromite ore (11).
The distribution of ultrabasic rocks in Tibet is broadly modeled, with two giant superficial rocks in the north and south, and the east and west of the Yarlung Zangbo River in the south reaches 1,600 km east and west.
Mine, the scale is large, is China’s largest chromite area.
North of the class wrong))) Nujiang super-basic rock belt, up to 1800km, the main representative of the East Qiao, Yila Shan chromite area.
(2) iron ore.
The distribution of iron ore in Tibet is relatively high, the overall survey level is low, with the Tanggula metallogenic belt and the Dongdongjiang ore belt is more concentrated, mainly to volcanic sedimentary metamorphic transformation.
According to the available information, there are large iron ore 1, medium 5, dozens of mineral spots.
Typical deposits are: when the Qu iron ore, plus ridge iron ore, Kagong iron ore and so on.
Ore grade is high, about one-third of iron ore.
Lithium, lead and zinc, antimony, molybdenum, tin, tungsten, cobalt, etc., of which copper resources are the largest provinces and autonomous regions.
Lead and zinc, antimony, molybdenum and other provinces in the country are also ranked in the forefront.
But the molybdenum ore and copper symbiotic.
Has not yet found a large independent molybdenum ore.
Tin mine currently only proved a medium-sized, two small deposits, tungsten ore is currently no forming deposits.
Cobalt is a companion element.
(1) copper mine.
The copper deposits in Tibet are dominated by porphyry, followed by skarn type.
Mainly distributed in the eastern part of Tibet Yulong metallogenic belt.
The Gangdezi metallogenic belt in central and southern Tibet.
In addition, the class anger ore belt also has an excellent mineralization prospect.
Among them, the Yulong metallogenic belt is about 400km long, has been proved a large copper mine 1, 3 large, medium 2.
In addition to copper, but also co-existence of iron, associated with molybdenum, gold, silver, tungsten, rhenium, sulfur and other useful components.
Ore in the Yulong copper mine, the single deposit reserves ranks first in the country.
The Gangdezi metallogenic belt is about 1,000 km long. According to the available information, one has a large scale, three are large-scale, and several are medium-sized. It is the most prospect of copper exploration in recent years.
Copper ore belt.
(2) Lead and Zinc Mine (
There are many types of lead and zinc mineralization, which are mainly composed of sedimentary transformation and skarn type, which are mainly distributed in Gangzhizi metallogenic belt.
Among them, the Gangdezi metallogenic belt to skarn type mainly, and some part of the volcanic activity related to lead and zinc mine.
The representative deposit is a quarry deposit.
The main ore – forming types are the sedimentary – type lead – zinc deposits.
According to the available information, the belt has a large-scale lead-zinc mine has four, and several for the small and medium scale, in addition to lead and zinc, there are antimony, silver, associated with copper and other useful components, representative deposits
For the Ranuo lead-zinc mine, its lead, zinc, silver, antimony are up to large scale.
(3) Antimony ore (11.299).
The antimony deposits in Tibet mainly distribute the two antimony ore belts in southern Tibet and northern Tibet and the left metallogenic belts in eastern Tibet, which are part of the Alpine-Himalayan metallogenic belt.
Among them, the northern Tibet ore belt about 500 km long.
Has been proven large-scale antimony ore 1, medium-sized antimony ore 3, the other 12 to a small size above.
Ore type is dense block and disseminated, the grade is rich.
Its ore quality in the country among the best.
The representative ore deposit is the type of volcanic hydrothermal type.
Tibet South antimony ore belt up to 600 km, the preliminary survey results show that a large antimony ore 1, medium 5, 6 small deposits.
The main deposits are salad hill, car poor Zhuo cloth.
3. precious metals
did not find independent silver, silver as a common element with the emergence of platinum group has not yet found a certain size of the deposit.
Gold ore is dominated by sand and gold, which is the dominant mineral in Tibet. It is mainly distributed in Tibet, Tibet and Tibet. It is now proved that there are 2 large-scale sand gold deposits, 7 medium-sized gold deposits,
More than 20, the main types of deposits for the alluvial – river floodplain sand, the typical deposits are Ma You wood and collapse possession of cloth sand gold, the ore body size, ore grade high, easy to rule, in the country is relatively rare.
So far, rock gold has not yet been a major breakthrough.
Energy and minerals are mainly coal, peat, oil shale, oil, geothermal resources… Energy and mineral resources are mainly coal, peat, oil shale, oil, geothermal resources…. Energy: Mineral, coal, oil, shale, oil, geology and geothermal resources. 11.2998871219981112199823874. Energy Minerals 11.2998871211219982387
Energy Minerals are mainly coal, peat, oil shale, oil, geothermal resources
In addition to geothermal resources, coal, oil shale, oil are small.
And less resources, rich peat resources, there are three medium-sized.
Typical deposits are soil gate mine, Jeddah peat mine.
Geothermal geothermal resources unique, the region geothermal display (point) of more than 1,000, some of which are high temperature geothermal field, is the Mediterranean – the Himalayan global tropics.
Has proven eight geothermal field shallow heat storage, hot fluid temperature up to 20 ℃.
Tibet is an important component of the global inland salt lake belt. At present, there are 490 salt lakes in Tibet, with a total area of over 6,000 km2, of which the area is greater than 1km2 and the salinity of the lake is above 50g per liter.
More than 220.
Tibet’s salt lake minerals are solid and liquid in two forms, showing the solid output of minerals such as borate, trona, potassium, etc., the liquid part of the performance of the lake table brine, silt brine or intercrystalline brine, contained
Up to 57 kinds of elements.
Boron, lithium, potassium, cesium, magnesium and other elements of the general close to or meet the requirements of industrial grade.
Some of the mining areas of Tibet have large amounts of resources and high grades, which are rare in the world.
In the preliminary investigation of the 65 salt lake, sodium chloride reserves of 500 million t, boron 650 million t, mirabilite nearly 500 million t, 20 million t salt.
Tibet, such as boron, magnesium, lithium, potassium and cesium, are not only the prospecting scale of medium and large deposits, but also found that the industrial value of the mine
More than 80 varieties, more than 80 deposits (points), in the region are distributed, the main varieties of crystal (amethyst, ink crystal) ivory jade, Yan cloth jade, fruit Ayu.
In addition, Tibet is one of the best places to find rare jade and other countries.
Crystal is widely distributed in the region, mainly concentrated in southern Tibet and northern Tibet, the main varieties are colorless crystal, amethyst, ink crystal, representative of the mineral deposits are silver amethyst ore, Zhuo mud ink crystal deposit.
11219988112112199823871121991711112199823877. Other mineral resources
11219988711112889231 There are magnesite, dolomite, sulfur, arsenic, rock salt, barite, serpentine, graphite, gypsum, limestone, marble, granite, kaolin, porcelain clay, quartz sand, volcanic ash, corundum
, Crystal, mica, which magnesite, granite, volcanic rocks, serpentine, graphite, corundum is rich in resources, the region is widely distributed in the country among the best, large scale, better quality, but the overall low level of work, typical deposits
There are Basha Magnesite, Yangda Granite, Nianggui corundum deposit, Yeongonggong mica mine, Qinggu graphite mine, Dongga mountain limestone mine, Yangbajing kaolin mine, Zhaoya gypsum mine, Ouluoqiao estrogen mine, oil bar